Out of 9 species of vulture recorded in the Indian subcontinent including Nepal; 5 species are listed as globally endangered due to rapid (>95%) population decline within one decade after early 1990s. Scientific studies proved that the use of veterinary drug Diclofenac to treat livestock is a main cause behind this decline. Livestock carcass is the main source of food in south Asia and vultures get exposed to diclofenac by feeding on livestock carcasses which contain residues of this drug. In order to halt the problems on vulture decline several conservation activities has been initiated throughout the vulture ranges. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and surrounding area in the eastern Nepal supports an isolated breeding colony of critically endangered White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis which is the only know breeding colony in the eastern Nepal after Nawalparasi district which is approximately 600 km far. Since last several years we are working for the conservation of globally endangered vultures in Koshi. Our vulture conservation program emphasize the community participation on conservation so that most of the conservation activities are led by the community peoples with support from the experts of Himalayan Nature.